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"Tones amount" ear training game
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Question: What is a distance in pitch between any two tones?
Tones & Semitones
An interval is the distance (difference in pitch) between two notes. When the
notes occur one after another the interval is melodic.
The smallest interval in use in the Western musical tradition is the semitone (also called half step). It is the interval between any note and its nearest neighbour on the keyboard. Two semitones together form one tone (or whole tone or whole step).
From C to C# (or Db) is a semitone. From C# to D is also a semitone.
from C to D is 2 semitones or 1 whole tone.
The Chromatic scale
There are a total of twelve notes within an octave, represented by the 12 keys
on the keyboard.
When all 12 notes are played one after the other they form the Chromatic scale ('chromatic' means 'colour').
The Chromatic scale contains all the notes of the Western music system. These twelve notes are repeated within successive octaves up and down the keyboard.
The chromatic scale is a symmetric scale because all the notes in the scale are spaced at equal (semitone) intervals.
Going up, the black notes on the keyboard are usually written as sharps.
C - C# - D - D# - E - F - F# - G - G# - A - A# - B - C
Going down, the black notes are written as flats.C - B - Bb - A - Ab - G - Gb - F - E - Eb - D - Db - C
This keeps the accidentals required (flats, sharps, naturals) to a minimum.
The Whole-tone scale
All the notes of the chromatic scale are spaced at equal ('symmetrical') , semitone, intervals. This scale is therefore a called a symmetric scale
One can also form a symmetric scale by selecting notes spaced at whole
tone (2 semitones) intervals.
Here the C whole-tone scale.
Any of the above notes can form the tonic of the whole-tone scale using the same six notes.
8-note Symmetric scales
Other symmetric scales can be formed by alternating note spacing of tones and semitones.
There are two possibilities.
8-note Dominant scale (semitone - tone - semitone - tone -)
In Jazz this scale is used as an alternative choice for improvisation over dominant 7th and altered dominant 7th chords.
8-note Diminished scale (tone - semitone - tone
- semitone - )
In Jazz this scale is used for improvisation over diminished chords.
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