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Basic music counting, Part 2:
Let's introduce a mixed music example.
The quarter note is obviously beat 1 because from the time sig you know there are
4 quarter notes per measure. You also already know one half note = 2 quarter notes
therefore the half note must be beats 2 and 3. Finally, you know that two eighth
notes = 1 quarter note so they must be the "4 +".
When many different kinds of notes are intermingled, it starts to become tricky
to count. Musicians will sometimes subdivide the notes so the counting flows more
easily. Let's use the above example, but this time sub divide it.
Here would also be a good place to throw in a few examples with rests. These will
just show the counting and will not explain them. Just think of the rests in terms
of their corresponding notes and you'll have no problem!
Here every note in the measure is subdivided into 8th notes thus making it a lot
more "fluid" to count. Its pretty easy to understand too. One quarter note is two
8th notes, so it gets "1 +". The half note is four eighth notes so it get
"2 + 3 +". And the each 8th note get a half so one is "4" and the other is the "and"
Counting the 16th note.
Counting 16th notes is similar to 8th notes except that you need to add more things
to count with. I was taught using "e" and "a", but feel free to use what you want.
Each part, the "1", "e", "+", "a" are all 1/4 of 1 quarter note. Together they add
up to 1 beat according to the time sig. (4 sixteenths = 1 quarter)
Different time sigs and different notes.
Here you are.. the top of the note hill. Just look at these and the counting section
Remember.. from this time sig you are counting the 8th notes.
Remember you are counting half notes, and therefore you have to subdivide the eighth
notes and quarter notes accordingly.
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