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Refinishing Wood Flooring

Sarah Taylor

Is your wood flooring already worn out? Has it already gone through the tough tests and is now looking old and pale? It may be time to refinish your wood flooring and make it look new again.

How do you know it is time to refinish the floor? You can do this simple step. Go to the area where the floor is mostly used, your living room perhaps. Get a tablespoon of water and pour it onto the floor. If the water forms beads and can easily be wiped out, there is no need to refinish it yet. Your floor is still in good condition.

If the water that you just poured slowly seeps into the floor and creates a visible spot, it may already need refinishing touches. You may want to keep it in your to-do list and schedule a time when you can do the refinishing. However, if the water seeps in as quickly as you had poured it, then don`t waste more time. Your floor definitely needs refinishing, and soon.

Refinishing your wood flooring would require equipments such as a drum sander. Other equipments may be needed for other more detailed tasks in the finishing process. You need not buy those equipments, though. These equipments are available for rent in your local home shops such as Home Depot. You can rent them on a daily or weekly basis.

Different grit papers are used in the drum sander for different floor types. The lower the grit paper number is, the coarser it is for use on more damaged woods. Once you have chosen the right grit paper, you can now start sanding the wood using the equipment. It is suggested that you do the sanding diagonally on both ways then along the grain.

Once you are done sanding the whole floor with that procedure, repeat the process again using a finer grit paper (one with a higher number). After sanding the whole floor again, you can now sand the edges using a spinner/edger machine.

Vacuuming is the next step to clean off the sand dusts. Should there be gaps present after the sanding process, fill them in using the sand dust mixed with varnish to form a paste. Then leave the floor alone for some time.

After a few hours, repeat the sanding process again, this time doing it along the grain with a much finer grit. Do this twice using the highest grit number on the last sanding. After which, vacuum the floor once more and sweep off the sanddust.

Once the floor is dust-free, it is now time to apply the coat. You would need a roller to do this. Before using the roller, make sure it is clean first using a stiff brush to remove dirt and loose hairs that might get into the finish.

The urethane coating can now be applied across the floor grain

Let the first coating dry for some time. When the coat is completely dry, the next step is to sand the whole floor using an orbital sander. Vacuum and sweep the floor afterwards to remove the dust.

Finally, the second coating can now be applied using the same procedure as the first. When you do the second coating, make sure the sun doesn??t shine through the window to any part of the floor to avoid uneven marks.

Refinishing your wood flooring is relatively easy as long as you have the right equipment. The rent may be a little costly though, but not as expensive as replacing your whole floor. You can even save more doing it yourself than hiring somebody to do it for you. Also, wouldn??t you be proud to show off your work and tell your friends you did it

Nicely finished or refinished floors make your home look more beautiful. It is also a healthy alternative than carpets. Carpets are known to cause allergies because they are difficult to clean. Having just bare, nicely finished wood flooring will help you have a healthy environment inside your own home. Dusts, pests, molds, and animal stains can easily be cleaned up as well.

The above article was written http://www.homeadditionscontractors.com, a Home Additions Article resource for homeowners.

Country Pure Foods institutional juice: Deland, Fla., plant runs foodservice with an emphasis on single-serve

Dairy Foods , April, 1999 by Jack Mans

Country Pure Foods is one of the nation s largest independent juice processors. The company serves the retail and foodservice markets and provides contract packaging services to nationally recognized juice manufacturers.

Established in 1995 when Ohio Pure Foods of Akron, Ohio, merged with Natural Country Farms of Ellington, Conn., Country Pure grew significantly with its acquisition of Ardmore Farms from Quaker Oats. The company has revenues exceeding $100 million with about two-thirds of its business coming from the foodservice market and the balance from retail and copacking.

Country Pure Foods acquired the Deland, Fla., plant from Quaker Oats at the end of 1998. The 175,000-sq-ft plant runs 65,000 gal of juices and concentrates a day in plastic cups and gabletops, Eco Pack and aseptic cartons. Country Pure is planning to install additional equipment at the facility (see accompanying story).

"With its commitment to food service, this is a perfect plant for Country Pure," says Plant Mgr. Brad Jackson, who was at the plant when it was owned by Quaker Oats. "Country Pure has standardized on using the Ardmore label for all of its products and is also standardizing the packaging at all three of its plants (Deland, Ellington and Akron)."

The Deland facility runs 15 different varieties of juices and/or concentrate of which orange comprises about 40% and another 40% is apple, grape and cranberry. It also contract-packs drink mixes such as pina colada and margarita.

Some orange, apple and grape is received in tank trucks and the rest (all concentrates) are primarily received in 55-gal drums with plastic bag liners, although some products are received in larger bins. The plant also receives trucks of liquid sugar for use in fruit drinks.

Bulk orange concentrate is stored in one of three 7,000-gal tanks in a 28 [degrees] room. Each truckload of 68-brix concentrate is graded on its color and acid/sugar ratio and is pumped into one of the tanks accordingly. Concentrates from different tanks are then blended to produce Grade A concentrate.

Since water is a key ingredient of most of the final products run at Deland, the plant has an elaborate purification system. This consists of multi-media filtration, charcoal filtration, micron bag filter and an ultraviolet light sterilizer.

Gabletop operations

The plant has two major blending systems, one for products in cups and one for gabletop cartons, plus a small system for aseptic products.

Gabletop products use only drummed juice and concentrate. In the gabletop blending operation, drums of product are either pumped out or dumped depending on the product viscosity and whether the contents are liquid or frozen. Product is pumped out by inserting a length of sanitary pipe into the top of the drum and sucking the product out with a diaphragm pump. For dumping, a drum is set on a lift-platform that pivots upward and empties the drum into a tank. The tank is equipped with a chopper to be used for frozen product.

Product is blended in four mix tanks - three at 2,000-gal capacity and one at 5,000. Two of the smaller tanks are equipped with high intensity blenders for hard-to-mix products. The tanks are mounted on load cells and all components are added by weight.

In this computer-controlled process, the operator selects the product name from a list on the operator panel and sets the quantity to be produced. The computer then admits the proper weight of juice or concentrate followed by dilution water for concentrate. It also adds liquid sugar if required.

Product is then pumped through a tubular pasteurizer. After flowing through the regen section, product goes to a homogenizer that homogenizes products that require this or serves as a timing pump for other products. Product flows through the pasteurizing section, where it is heated with hot water to kill microorganisms, back through the regen section where it preheats incoming product and then through the final cooling section, where it is cooled to 35 [degrees] by glycol in a corrugated tubular section. Pasteurized product is stored in one 5,000-gal and two 15,000-gal tanks.

The plant has three dual-lane gabletop lines. One runs quarts at 80 per minute and the other two run 4-oz cartons at 160 units per minute each. Quarts are tipped onto their side ahead of the case packer, which then pushes them sideways into the case, which is also on its side.

Four-oz cartons are assembled into 24-unit patterns in the case packer, which places two or three layers (48 or 72 cartons) into each shipper.

Cup operations

Cup products use bulk and drummed concentrate. Drums in the cup blending operation are dumped in a semi-automatic procedure. Drums are set on a conveyor that delivers them one at a time to the dumper, which tips them over.

An operator removes the plastic bag and runs it through a squeezer like a ringer on an old-fashioned washing machine to remove as much product as possible. In the meantime, the empty drum is set back down and pushed onto a take-away conveyor. Product from the drums is stored in three 2,000-gal tanks.


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